The History of Christian Denominations

After a discussion with my wife about how many denominations there are and how it seems that the body of Christ has been sliced in to tiny pieces I decided to study where the main Christian groups got their roots from. To me this is a very interesting study looking at the reasons behind groups splitting but it’s also very sad to consider how 12 apostles of the 1st century church have become over 1,200 official denominations most of which have more problems with the others than they do unity and love.

Branches of Christianity from http://www.request.org.uk

The Great Schism 1054

The division of Christianity in to two groups: Western (Latin or Roman Catholics) and Eastern (Greek or Orthodox). Pope Leo IX and the patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularius excommunicated each other simultaneously which initiated the schism. However there were many long lasting aspects that lead up to the split such as political, theological, and geographical reasons.
Theological issues not agreed upon:

  • Whether the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father only or from the Father and the Son.
  • Whether leavened or unleavened bread should be used in the Eucharist.
  • The definition of original sin
  • Free will vs. predestination
  • Purgatory and hell
  • If celibacy should be enforced on clergy

Eastern Orthodox

The Eastern Orthodox Church claims to be the original Apostalic church establish by Jesus Christ which began with the first church under the Apostles of Christ. The Easter Orthodox followers strive to become more like Christ in their spiritual journey of life.

Theological beliefs/Church practices include:

  • Use of 10 extra books not included in the typical 66-book Canon of the Bible,
    see canon comparison chart
  • Trinity
  • Original sin
  • Christ was fully God and Man
  • Obedience to traditional in Biblical interpretation
  • Reverence to Virgin Mary as the “God-bearer” or fulfillment of the Ark of the Covenant
  • All believers known or unknown are saints but there are certain saints of good example
  • No purgatory
  • Baptism joins one with The Body of Christ and initiates membership to the church
  • Regards Revelation as a mystery but some take amillennialist view

Lutheran

Branched off of Catholicism under Martin Luther, a German reformer.The split officially happened in 1521 at the Edict of Worms where adherents to Luthers teachings were excommunicated from the Roman Catholic church. The split was mainly over theological issues concerning grace and forgiveness. Martin Luther believed the Bible to be the true Word of God and to be the end authority on doctrine rather than ones own reasoning or personal interpretation.
Theological beliefs/Church practices include:

  • Sacraments of Baptism and Holy Communion
  • Predestination, see Divine Monergism
  • Divine providence
  • Good works are from God and a result of faith/salvation
  • No millennial reign of Christ

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F-Words in the Bible: Failure

Recent polls have shows that out of 10,000 subjects, 10,000 admitted to failing at something.

Ok it wasn’t a real poll but I believe the results would be the same, the point is we all fail at something, and if someone honestly says they haven’t than they are ignorant of some form of failure that slipped under their radar.

1John 1:8 – If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
1John 1:10 – If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His word is not in us.

The real issue is not have I sinned or am I sinful (because the Word says we will and are) the issue is: 1.)will I get back up? and 2.) how?

Don’t get me wrong, I don’t want this blog to be a downer, to say look at the crap pile of the human race, a bunch of failures! Wo is me!
No, I simply want to reveal a problem that is often overlooked and then explain a solution.

Being faithful to my previous “F-Words” blog, I’ll list some popular Bible “saints” and their failures. You’re not alone!

  • Adam and Eve – Disobeying God’s command (Genesis 3:1-13)
  • Abraham – Fearing Pharaoh instead of trusting in God’s protection (Genesis 12:12-20)
  • Israel – Turning to false gods and sinful practices from other nations (Hosea 3:1)
  • Jonah – Running from God’s calling (Jonah 1:1-4)
  • David – Lusting after Bathseeba, adultery, and murder of her husband (2 Samuel 11)
  • Samson – Disobeying God’s holy standards for his life (Judges 16)
  • Peter – Fearing persecution and forsaking Jesus (Matthew 26:69-75)

Failure Reveals a Deficit

Many do not agree with the Biblical truth that mankind is inherently sinful or bad, some say we are good but are corrupted by society, others say we only have some good in us. However when I look at the news, at history, and at myself the evidence points back to the scriptures.

Psalm 53:3 – Every one of them has turned aside; They have together become corrupt; There is none who does good, No, not one.

So let’s just establish the rule that everyone fails is like the law of gravity! But what does this tell us about ourselves? That we need help in life and that we are missing something.

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I Can’t Get No Satisfaction

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Last night I has this hilarious dream where I picked up Rodney Howard Browne (a charismatic minister) from the airport because he was a guest speaker at my ministry school and I spent the day with him before our night service began where he was going to minister at. For some reason I get him to listening to the Black Eyes Peas song Boom Boom Pow and he loved it! So that night in service he ministers… about the song!

He went through the song listing each material good and how they would not satisfy you. ” The next HD flat won’t do it for you! Sexy ladies won’t do it for you, the Boom Boom Pow won’t even do it for you!!!” I cracked up when he said that but everyone was dead serious listening to him. Someone “sshhh’d” me so I tried to contain my laughter from that point on. Eventually the sermon ended and my friend reaches in to to this wicker chest that everyone had their feet on and pulled out his dachshund wearing a colored sweater and I begin rolling on the floor laughing so hard  could barely breath!

I don’t know what the dachshund has to do with anything and the dream was hilarious, I woke up laughing but the point was clear and true! Material junk will not give you that final measure of satisfaction you have been seeking. In fact it’s just a vicious cycle of self deception. The new thing comes out and makes your current thing out of date, therefore you must have the new thing when you get it you are happy and temporarily satisfied until the same cycle happens again. The same process applies to money and wanting more money, eating food and wanting better food, receiving attention and wanting even more attention, having fun and seek more fun, taking risks and seeking bigger risks. It’s a never ending escalator of dissatisfaction which leads you no where but further from seeking God for satisfaction.

I want to talk about the danger of this mindset and how it constructs itself in between you and God.

The Rolling Stones were right “I can’t get no satisfaction”.

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Demonic Activity

As a continuance of my previous blog “What are Demons” I wanted to write about a very special subject, that of demonic activity among Christians and the breaking of it’s grip on our lives.

First of all as Christians we are not to live in fear of demons or Satan because God has given us a spirit of peace and not of fear. On top of that, Jesus our Savior has already defeated the powers of darkness on the cross, He paved the way to freedom for all who call upon His name. Christians should live in a mindset of victory over darkness because of Christ’s blood that was shed for us.

Colossians 1:13 – He has delivered us from the power of darkness and conveyed us into the kingdom of the Son of His love,

1Corinthians 15:57 – But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Ephesians 6:11 – Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. 12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.

Possession

Possession is a unique event where a demonic spirit (which does not have a body) joins itself with a persons spirit or soul and controls that persons body to some extent for a period of time. When someone is possessed the demon may speak through them, answer questions, cause the person to make abnormal noises, or cause strange body movements. Many have debated about the presence of demonic activity in a Christians life because of their redeemed state. I do not believe a true born again believer can be possessed, my reasoning behind this is that since a believer is indwelt by the Spirit of God meaning He is in them (Romans 8:9-11, 1Corinthians 3:16), the Holy Spirit will not let an evil spirit indwell that same person while He is in them.

Jhn 12:46 – “I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes in Me should not abide in darkness.

1Cr 10:21 – You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons; you cannot partake of the Lord’s table and of the table of demons.

Attachments

It is my strong believe that Christians can acquire what are called “demonic attachments” through careless, ignorant, or sinful living. These demonic attachments are outside of the persons spirit but effect their mind with temptation, oppression, and can even be in the form of illness (Luke 13:11, Matthew 17:15-18). This subject is very touchy and you will get different opinions on this topic as you discuss it with other educated Christians.
My understanding on this subject comes from first hand experience with Christians of various walks, my wife and I included who have experienced long lasting ties and connections to things that needed to be broken off of us in the name of Jesus in order for us to have freedom from that thing.
I have observed that a believer can acquire demonic attachments through various avenues such as:

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What are Demons

Demons, the mysterious little goons of the Bible days, little seems to be known about them or taught about them in churches these days so I feel it is necessary to recap over these creatures and get our worldview straight with the Bible. As always, let’s look in to the Word of God to find out what these things are, why they exist, and what our actions towards them should be.

Synonyms : demon(s), unclean spirit(s), devil(s)(KJV only)

Daimonizomai (13 times), G1139- To be under the power of a demon.
Daimōn (5 times), G1142- An inferior deity, whether good or bad, an evil spirit.
Akathartos (30 times), G169- Unclean, in a moral sense, unclean in thought or life.
Pneuma (47 times), G4151- A spirit devoid of matter but possessing ability or life.

Accusations About:

Mat 11:18, Luk 7:33, Luk 11:15, Jhn 7:20, Jhn 8:48-49, Jhn 8:52, Jhn 10:20-21, Mat 9:34, Mat 12:24, Mat 12:27, Mar 3:22, Mar 3:30

Deliverance From:

Mat 4:24, Mat 8:16, Mat 8:33, Mat 9:33, Mat 12:22, Mat 17:18, Mar 7:26-30, Luk 4:35, Luk 9:42, Luk 11:14, Mat 7:22, Mat 8:31, Mat 10:8, Mat 12:27-28, Mar 1:34, Mar 1:39, Mar 3:15, Mar 5:8, Mar 5:12, Mar 6:13, Mar 9:38, Mar 16:9, Luk 11:20, Zec 13:2, Mat 12:43, Mar 9:25, Luk 6:18, Act 5:16, Act 8:7, Act 19:12

Authority Over:

Mat 7:22, Mat 10:1, Mar 1:27, Mar 3:11, Mar 5:13, Mar 6:7, Luk 4:36, Act 19:15, Rom 8:38, Eph 6:12, Luk 11:24-26

Possession By:

Mat 8:28, Mat 9:32, Mat 11:18, Mat 12:22, Mat 15:22, Mar 1:32, Mar 5:15-16, Luk 4:33, Luk 8:29, Luk 9:42, Luk 11:14, Luk 11:18-20, Mat 12:43, Mar 7:25, Rev 18:2, Act 19:16, Luk 11:24-26

Activity Of:

Mat 8:28, Luk 4:33, Luk 8:29, Luk 9:42, Luk 11:14, Mat 8:31, Mar 1:39, Mar 5:12, Mar 16:9, Luk 11:18, 1Ti 4:1, Jam 2:19, Rev 16:13-14, Rev 18:2, Zec 13:2, Mat 12:43, Mar 1:26, Mar 9:25, Luk 11:24, Act 19:15-16, Luk 11:24-26

Worship Of:

Lev 17:7, Deu 32:17, 2Ch 11:15, Psa 106:37, 1Cr 10:20-21, 1Ti 4:1

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Typology Research paper for Old Testament Survey

TYPOLOGY

Daniel Grove

Old Testament Survey

Institute for the Arts

Dec 1st 2009

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

I.     IN THE SCRIPTURES

  • Qualifications for a Type
  • Types and Prophecies

II.    WORDS

  • Greek Vocabulary
  • Prophetic Types and Personal Examples
  • Types point to something Greater
  • Parables and Types

III. ERRORS IN THE STUDY OF TYPES

IV. JESUS’S FULFILLMENT

  • Jesus is the Focus
  • Typical Characters

V.   CATEGORIES OF TYPES

  • Everything works for Good

VI. APPLICATION

  • Lessons from The Flood
  • Lessons from The Passover
  • Lessons from Sodom and Gomorrah

CONCLUSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INTRODUCTION

If you have read a moderate amount of the Bible it is hard to overlook Gods direct involvement with man throughout history. Not only has He been involved in history but He has been sovereign as well. One way that we can see Gods overall sovereignty exercised is that He has upheld a line from Adam to David, and from David to Jesus through both parents. So what does this have to do with types and shadows? God has revealed His future plans through types and shadows prophetically in His Word. His sovereignty is demonstrated in that one significant event under the old covenant can foreshadow an even greater event in the new covenant. The Old Testament is saturated with examples of Christ, the rapture, the church, salvation, and the Holy Spirit. These types show that God has planned things from the beginning and we get the pleasure of seeing them worked out. The Greek word for “type” itself means an example of something real or the imprint left from an impression. The believers in the times before Christ did not know these things to be symbolic as we do now, because to them those typological things were actual events. As we dive deeper into the study of types we discover the beauty of Gods plan, sovereignty, His creativity, and foreknowledge.

I. IN THE SCRIPTURES

There is only a hand full of acknowledged types in the New Testament but it would be foolish to say that those written by the New Testament authors are the only true types that we can study or see as valid. Some of the written types in the New Testament include Noah’s flood symbolizing water baptism written of by Peter (1 Pet 3:20-21), the Passover Lambs blood symbolizing Jesus blood written by Paul (1Cor 5:7), and Jesus doing the finalizing work as our high priest in Hebrews (Heb 9:11-14). But surely there are other symbols in the scriptures that can edify and educate us on the things of God that are not exclusively recorded in the New Testament. These symbols may be things such as Joseph’s life being a parallel to the life of Jesus, the construction of the temple being symbolic of messianic truths, and as Isaacs trek up Mt. Mariah foreshadowing Christ’s ascent to His death on the cross.

Qualifications for a Type

So what constitutes for a genuine type? Well there are some general guidelines that can help to keep us on track. First, the suspected type must have a purpose and be edifying to the believer instead of just being mere intellectual knowledge. Second, the historical base of which the type comes from should be founded upon scripture as should the conclusive event. Third, they are prophetic in nature and so they should hold some spiritual meaning that crosses a bridge between the Old and New covenants. Most if not all types are aimed at Christ who is the conclusion of the Old Covenant and the author of the New.

Types and Prophecies

We need to able to draw a line between what is a prophecy about Christ and what is a type of Christ. A prophecy is a spoken word by a prophet or one who prophecies that tells of something to come whether it be a blessing, a curse, judgment, or the Messiah. An example of a prophecy of Christ is in Micah 5:2 “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Though you are little among the thousands of Judah, Yet out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel, Whose goings forth are from of old, From everlasting.” However a type is a person, place, event, practice, or thing that unintentionally imitated something to come (usually of Christ). For example when Moses brought the Israelites out of Egypt through the desert and to the Promised Land he was not only doing Gods will but also, inadvertently, being an active type of Christ.

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Who is Mary


This is a study on the and historical identity of Mary, the mother of Jesus. First we will look at what the Catholic catechism says. The Catechism is the universal doctrine held by all Roman Catholics, the statements contained there in are decided by and established by Popes as absolute, and theological truths. I also looked in to the accounts of approved apparitions of Mary to see what they reveal about Mary, I did this because Catholics hold that they are true and trustworthy representations of Mary. And thirdly I we will examine what the Word of God, the ultimate authority says and reveals to us about Mary.

The identity of Mary as proposed by the Roman Catholic Church has become increasingly disturbing as of late so I decided to undertake a study on who she really is. My true concern is for those Catholics who pray to or through Mary and see her as a spiritual guide in their relationship to Jesus.

As I studied the Catholic beliefs of Mary I tried to have an open mind on behalf of my many devout Catholic friends who openly accept that Mary has and can visit via “apparitions” and that she should have a major part in the daily prayers of a follower of Christ. So like I said I opened my mind but what I found in my research was continually disturbing, the things that “Mary” said and instructed were continually anti or extra Biblical. Also the many ways in which she is recorded appearing and shining, it is all very strange. But don’t take my word for it after all, what is man’s opinion compared to God’s Word right?

Who do Catholic’s say Mary is?

“With her yes, Mary opened the door of our world to God Himself; she became the living ark of the covenant in whom God took flesh, became one of us and pitched His tent among us”
(“Saved by Hope,” by Pope Benedict XVI #49).

“O Mary conceived without sin, pray for us who have recourse to thee.”
(Miraculous Medal Prayer)

She is titled “…the mighty Mother of God “new Eve ”
(Catechism of the Catholic Church (971)&(975))

“The Most Blessed Virgin Mary, when the course of her earthly life was completed, was taken up body and soul into the glory of heaven, where she already shares in the glory of her Son’s Resurrection. ”
(Catechism of the Catholic Church (974))

“The most Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege of almighty God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ, Savior of the human race, preserved immune from all stain of original sin”
Pope Pius IX, December 8, 1854

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