While reading Romans 1 last night with my favorite wife, I was already amazed by the 5th verse! “That is basically the whole theology of the Bible” I said. And so I wanted to share this gem with you, one that may be quickly overlooked as so many introductions to the epistles are.
(Romans 1:1-5 NKJV)
Paul, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God which He promised before through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures…
The gospel that Christ brought is from God (Yahweh), which God promised to bring through a Messiah in the Old Testament scriptures. When you realize that the old and new covenants are under the same God, with the same love, and the same plan it makes the Word come alive and you appreciate the work of the cross even more when in the light of Old Covenant sacrificial context. The major theme of the Old Testament is that sin must be payed for and that we are sinful, thus it was a setup for the presentation of the Messiah to save mankind.
…concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh…
The old testament prophecies that outlined a vague Messiah character to come were outlining the person of Jesus Christ who is Lord. And in concordance with those prophecies Jesus is a genetic descendant of David through Mary. Interestingly enough Joseph is also a descendant of David though the kingly line stopped with Jehoiakim. Again Jesus meets the credentials for the one true Messiah.
…and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
Jesus was declared to be the Son of God literally by various people and through various confirmations that Jesus received. We are sons and daughters of God by spiritual adoption but Jesus is the only begotten OF God, meaning His miraculous conception was initiated by God’s creative power. Speaking of power, this verse also says Jesus has power that it is connected with His resurrection from the dead thus proving Him the be the Son of God. By coming back after death He defeated death which makes Him suitable to be a savior of a people who are cursed with death. No man or prophet could possess or acquire this kind of power, only God can.
Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name,
Not through the law, or through merit but through Christ alone we have grace which forgives and saves. From Christ the apostles received charge and equipping to promote in Jesus to all nations. Jesus began the church and we are now the care takers and representatives of it.